What is Delta 8 THC?
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds secreted from cannabis plants as resin. They have the ability to interact with our body’s Endocannabinoid System (ECS). Delta 8 THC is a cannabinoid that occurs in much smaller concentrations than most other cannabinoids.
Delta 8 is an isomer that forms as Delta-9 THC ages and oxidizes. This process increases the stability of the Δ8 molecular structure so that it does not degrade as easily and lasts much longer over time.
Delta-8 THC and Delta 9-THC contain similarities in their molecular structure. Both contain double bonds, but D8 contains the bond on the 8th carbon chain and not on the 9th. For that reason, D8 and D9 THC react similarly within the Endocannabinoid receptors in the body as a result of their similar presentation of structure and properties.
D8 requires an intricate process of extraction, isolation, conversion, and refinement. With Δ8 there are benefits and effects to serve both medicinal and recreational consumers. Because D8 occurs in smaller concentrations, it’s common to see it sold in the form of distillates or edibles.
The compound Δ8 legally derives from hemp and contains less than 0.3% Δ9-THC in accordance with the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 (also known as the 2018 Farm Bill). Within the Bill, it states that all derivatives, isomers, and cannabinoids in hemp are federally legal provided that all final products contain less than 0.3% D9 THC.
- If you are subject to routine drug screenings, do not consume Δ8-THC.
- Each state has its own separate laws regarding hemp products. Please be aware of the laws within your state/province of residence.
- Psychotropic potency of Delta 8 THC will often vary. For this reason, please do not operate a vehicle after consuming Δ8 products.
- Consult your doctor before use.
What Is THC-O-Acetate?
THC-O-Acetate is one of many known cannabinoids. It is considered a chemical compound in its simplest form that has the ability to attach itself to the receptors in the Endocannabinoid system in the human body.
THC-O-Acetate is also known to be referred to as THC Acetate, THC-O, as well as ATHC. But it is most commonly referred to as THC-O or ATHC. It is important to not confuse ATHC with THCa. THCa is a tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, which is a parent molecule to THC.
The major difference between the ATHC and THCa is that the “A” in ATHC is for acetate and the “a” in THCa is for acid. THCa naturally occurs in raw cannabis and converts to THC through a process known as decarboxylation. ATHC is not a naturally occurring cannabinoid and can only be made in a laboratory setting.
To process THC-O all other beneficial compounds, terpenes and flavonoids are removed and an isolate with no flavor or aroma is the result. THC-O in this unnatural state is typically a brown liquid and is referred to as an “analog” of its original compound form, which is THC.
The major difference between THC and THC-O is the acetate molecule that THC lacks. The addition of this new molecule to the compound structure makes the THC molecule stronger.
THC-O is absorbed and filtered by the liver in the same way as any other cannabinoid that goes into your body. However, THC-O molecules are much more potent than smoked, vaped, dabbed or orally consumed THC. So despite how the body filters the molecules, the portion that is able to travel beyond the brain barrier will provide a very strong experience.
If you do not have any experience with THC-O, it is recommended that you start with a very small dose and increase dosages slowly to test your comfort levels. The experience that users have often reported after consuming THC-O is akin to a hallucinogenic experience induced by psilocybin.
What is THCP?
Cannabinoids and THCP Discovery
Phytocannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids are the main beneficial compounds found in the cannabis plant. Phytocannabinoids are better known as cannabinoids. “Phyto” simply means “derived from plants”. Cannabinoids interact and bind to terpenes and flavonoids. The greatest concentration of cannabinoids are found in the cannabis plant resin or trichomes.
THCP is one of the hundreds of compounds that the cannabis plant produces in their resin filled trichomes. Only you may not have heard of it due to the fact that it has only recently been discovered by an Italian research team in 2019 while analyzing a medicinal cannabis strain named FM2.
Although there are many different cannabinoids, they all mostly have similar structure as they begin life as the same molecule known as cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). It is commonly recognized as being the “mother cannabinoid”.
Cannabinoids found in raw cannabis are in their acidic form (THCA, CBDA, CBCA, etc). When contact with heat occurs, cannabinoids undergo a process known as decarboxylation. The reaction to the process results in a change of the cannabinoid from an acidic to non-acidic compound (THC, CBD, CBC, etc).
Without decarboxylation, cannabinoids in acidic form have little to no effect on the body. And this includes THCPA, as it also needs to undergo a heating process to become THCP. Contrary to most other cannabinoids, THCP is found in tiny quantities and is more than likely the reason it has gone undetected until recently.
THCP VS THC
THCP and THC have similar molecular structures. In fact, they are almost identical. Their side alkyl chain is the only thing that sets them apart.
A side alkyl chain is made up of carbon and hydrogen atoms that attach themselves to a molecule.
The alkyl chain in THC consists of 5 carbon atoms, while the alkyl chain in THCP consists of 7 carbon atoms. Researchers believe that the two extra carbon atoms on the side alkyl chain of THCP allows for a much higher potency than THC.
The reason for this is that the longer alkyl chain grants a much faster bind to cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system (ECS). But it does seem to have a negative effect when the alkyl chain is too long as actions seem to decrease with more than 8 carbon atoms.
THCP Potency and Effects
More studies are being conducted on this newly found cannabinoid THCP. The effects are found to be somewhat identical to Delta 9-THC, but with much more added potency. Researchers believe that THCP is as much as 30 times more potent than THC.
THCP paired with other cannabinoids and terpenes has the potential to produce a substantial amount of pain relief or an effective sleep aid.
Effects will vary throughout energizing, soothing or sedating. If effects are similar then it must be recognized that commonly known THC side-effects may occur as well.
Use of THCP requires careful doses and should be monitored carefully to maximize benefits and diminish side-effects.
Start with 1-2 inhales and wait up to 30 minutes.
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