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Afghani is a well-known cannabis flower strain that can be strikingly potent and just downright delicious. Named for the region from where it is known to have originated, Afghani is also known as “Afghan,” “Afghan Kush” or “Afghanistan.” Cured Afghan green buds are very resinous and pungent with orange hairs and frosted with trichomes. It is considered a pure indica strain that offers an array of sweet yet spicy diesel aromas with hints of citrus and earthy flavors. Effects are often described as extremely relaxing with a full-body high. Users praise the Afghani strain for its effects that relieve stress, pain, insomnia, as well as its euphoric mood boosting qualities. Most also report feelings of increased appetite and hunger. The most common terpenes in the Afghan strain are terpinolene, myrcene and pinene. Afghan Kush has given its genetics to a variety of very popular cannabis strains such as Northern Lights, Blueberry, Amnesia Haze and countless more.
Anthocyanin is pronounced, “an-tho-sigh-a-nin”. Anthocyanins are plant compounds that are responsible for giving vibrant color pigments in plants. They are a part of the flavonoid group and are found in plants, vegetables, fruits, teas, nuts and in cannabis plants. They act like antioxidants and are healthy for plants. They play a beneficial role in protecting plants from ultraviolet light and from other environmental stressors. Anthocyanins can be located by their color in plants. Blueberries, red cabbage, purple cauliflower, purple carrots, eggplant, red onions and plums are examples of fruits and vegetables that contain anthocyanins. Research has shown that anthocyanins can expend their effects through their metabolites. Effects from anthocyanins show they are able to help reduce inflammation and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, cancers and diabetes. In addition, research also shows that anthocyanins effects also offer mood boosts, focus and memory for humans of all ages.
Aromas are compounds that are perceived by the odor receptor sites of the olfactory tissues in the nasal cavity. It has been determined that there are about ten basic odors: 1. Fragrant 2. Woody / Resinous 3. Fruity (non-citrus) 4. Chemical 5. Mint / Peppermint 6. Sweet 7. Popcorn 8. Lemon 9. Pungent 10. Decay Humans are able to perceive smells with the olfactory receptors located in the nose. Each smell can activate specific olfactory neurons in order to decipher which particular aroma (s) are active and whether or not they are safe. The brain can decipher a multitude of aromas at once. This is known as a “combinatorial” process that allows humans to smell more aromas than we have specific receptors for.
Backcross (BX)
Backcross, or BX, is a process in which a grower decides to undergo when they have specific traits in a plant that they would like to retain for future strains. With cannabis, it is also a type of breeding selection that allows for the more desirable targeted traits to pass from one parent plant to the offspring.
A blunt is made by stuffing a tobacco wrap with ground cannabis flower and rolling it up to smoke. Blunt wraps are sold in numerous flavors, but emptying a cigar like a Swisher Sweets, will work just fine too. Since all blunt wraps are made out of tobacco, the wrap will contribute a light energetic buzz to your high. They are similar in size to a medium sized cigar and will burn for a solid smoke sesh. So take the blunt straight to the dome or invite some of the homies to puff puff pass with you.
A bong is a type of water pipe used to smoke cannabis or other herbal substances including tobacco. It is designed to filter water and to cool smoke in order to obtain larger smoother hits and avoid smaller harsh hits. Some bong users add ice cubes to enhance the cooling effect. The bong consists of a bubbled base that holds water with an angled hole that receives a downstem for a bowl insert where the cannabis is placed. This allows the smoke to channel through to the base prior to it rising through the downstem, up through the mouthpiece of the bong and into the lungs of the smoker. The origin of the bong is often debated, but those who have chronicled the history of the bong do agree that the bong is many many centuries old and may have originated in either Thailand, China or Africa. Despite the unknown origins of the bong, there are numerous types of designs from the most simplest and functional to extremely elaborate designs and colors.
Butane Hash Oil
Cannabichromene, or CBC, is one of the 6 main cannabinoids that is most prominent in medical research. It is a powerful, non-psychoactive cannabinoid. It does not elicit a “high.”It has shown benefits as a synergist, which means it works well with other cannabinoids, otherwise known as the entourage effect. CBC has shown to block pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis (damage to the joints in the hands, knees, hips and spine), which is the most common arthritis affecting millions of people throughout the world. Combined with THC and/or CBD, CBC appears to relieve depression and pain and inflammation, as well as acne and Alzheimer's disease.
Cannabidiol, or CBD, has become more widely known as the amount of studies and testing by scientists from around the world has increased. For decades it has been known to possess incredible healing and therapeutic benefits. CBD is the second most abundant compound found in hemp plants. Scientists have established CBD as a safe non-addictive compound that does not cause euphoric or intoxicating effects in humans or animals. CBD has also been found to have extraordinary benefits for restorative health. CBD is an anti-inflammatory agent and works to prevent or reduce inflammation in both the brain and body, as well as temporarily alleviate pain. As an anti-inflammatory agent, CBD has a significant effect on the body’s ability to maintain homeostasis when faced with everyday stressors. This is why CBD has been found to offer a very wide array of potential benefits for numerous ailments. CBD is now used worldwide by those seeking an all natural non-psychoactive alternative solution to pharmaceutical medications in order to avoid adverse side effects or reactions. CBD goes way beyond symptom relief to help the body heal itself; it interacts naturally with the body's Endocannabinoid system to produce healing effects at a molecular level.
Cannabigerol, or CBG, is most often referred to as the mother of all cannabinoids. It has been estimated as such due to the fact that other cannabinoids derive from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), which is the acidic form of CBG. CBG is found in very small quantities than other phytocannabinoids. This means that CBG products are rare and can be quite expensive. CBG has been found to bind to both CB1 and CB2 receptors in the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). It shows promise in enhancing pleasure and motivation, regulating appetite and sleep, as well as alleviating pain.CBG does not have any psychotropic effects, so it does not give you a “high.”
Cannabinol, or CBN, is a minor cannabinoid that is non-intoxicating and is created when THC ages. Due to this, it is most often found in high amounts in older cannabis. The potential benefits of CBN and the effects on the body are currently being researched more and more. Studies show evidence that CBN may be a potent antibacterial agent, an appetite stimulator and an anti-inflammatory agent. It shows potential as a synergist and seems to increase euphoric effects of THC and can induce sleepiness.
Delta 10 THC
Delta 10 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is known as an “elusive” cannabinoid as it is most often confused for Cannabichromene (CBC). Delta 10 is not a naturally occurring cannabinoid and is created through a process that necessitates a type of catalyst to create it such as a food grade radical initiator to stabilize the reactivity of the radicals to provide higher yields of Delta 10 THC. D10’s isolated crystals develop in smaller concentrations than most other cannabinoids. Delta 10 THC is created through an extraction and distillation process. D10 has proven to deliver benefits and effects to serve both medicinal and recreational consumers. D10 is most often sold in the form of oils,tinctures, edibles, vape cartridges, disposable vape pens and even flower. The compound Δ10-THC is legally derived from hemp and offers a “high” similar to Delta 9 THC.
Delta 8 THC
Delta 8 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a cannabinoid that occurs in much smaller concentrations than most other cannabinoids. Delta 8 is considered to be an isomer that forms as Delta-9 THC ages and oxidizes. This process increases the stability of the Delta 8 molecular structure so that it does not degrade as easily and lasts much longer over time. It should be noted that Delta-8 THC and Delta 9-THC contain similarities in their molecular structure. Both contain double bonds, but D8 contains the bond on the 8th carbon chain and not on the 9th. For that reason, D8 and D9 THC react similarly within the Endocannabinoid receptors in the body as a result of their similar presentation of structure and properties. The compound Delta 8-THC is now being legally derived from hemp and offers a euphoric “high” similar to Delta 9 THC.
Delta 9 THC
Delta 9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) works by attaching to Endocannabinoid system receptors throughout the brain and the Nervous System. Effects may last for a few hours, but is dependent on frequency of use, dosage, body weight and/or cardiac activity level. Delta 9 is known to be lipophilic, which means that it can readily attach to fat. As D9 THC attaches to fat cells it has the ability to move from the fat cells into the bloodstream and may remain in the body for longer periods of time. D9 can be detected in the body for up to 20 hours after it has been ingested. The compound Δ9-THC is now being legally derived from hemp and offers a euphoric “high.”
Endocannabinoid System (ECS)
The endocannabinoid system was discovered in 1992 by three researchers from Hebrew University in Jerusalem. The ECS is the largest receptor system and is the primary regulator of homeostasis in the body. This process includes interactions with the brain, the endocrine and immune systems. It is able to regulate all over the body due to its CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB receptors can be located in neurons within the central nervous system and in immune cells throughout the peripheral nervous system. It is considered a “retrograde system”, which infers it regulates systems via a negative feedback loop that activates postsynapse synthesizing. This is followed by the ECS releasing endocannabinoids targeting specific cannabinoid receptors. The ECS is a complicated system whose functions are still not fully known or understood. But the experts believe it plays a primary role in the ideal operation of the body.
Endocannabinoids, also known as endogenous cannabinoids, are molecules that are made by the body that are similar to phytocannabinoids found in hemp plants. It has been found that endocannabinoids play a key role in multiple internal processes including maintaining homeostasis. There are numerous known endocannabinoids and have shown to be active in anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-metastatic roles. Studies show support that endocannabinoids also have a role in neurotransmitter, immune system and mitochondrial function. Anandamide and 2-AG (2-Archidonyl glycerol) are considered to be the two main endocannabinoids in the body.
Fatty Acid
A fatty acid is made up of hydrocarbon chains and carboxylic acid groups. This unique combination is the essential grouping that make-up lipids. Each fatty acid varies in length and hydrocarbon saturation rates. Fatty acids also control physical qualities of the lipid such as melting point and fluidity. Due to fatty acids, lipids are also hydrophobic, which means it is incapable of dissolving. Endocannabinoid compounds are a by-product of omega fatty acids and are what enable binding to cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2, as well as a few other targeted binding areas.
Genetic Variation
Genetic variation is exhibited between organisms of the same species by the expression or non-expression of particular genes. The combination of genetic variation with environmental variations are the main causes for the variety of phenotypes. Each individual cannabis strain has its own genetic makeup that influences the plant's characteristics and effects. Genetic variation accounts for the differences in the cannabis plant's size, color, density, effects, potency, aroma, taste and even the harvest yield.
Hexahydrocannabinal, or HHC, is only found in trace concentrations and has not been isolated in enough quantities for consumption until now. With HHC, all the double-bonds have broken and been replaced with hydrogen. This process is referred to as hydrogenation. The difference between HHC and THC is quite subtle, but it still changes the structure of the molecule, as well as how it binds to the Endocannabinoid receptors and pain receptors in the human body. HHC offers similar effects and potency as THC. It has been said that HHC is more potent than Delta 8-THC, but slightly less potent than Delta 9-THC.
HHCO stands for hexahydrocannabinol acetate. You may see HHCO spelled as HHC-O; this denomination is common in organic chemistry. Adding this -O, also called an acetate group, to form HHCO from HHC is done in a lab and HHCO is therefore considered a synthetic cannabinoid (because it does not occur naturally in nature). The -O group is added to HHC to make it more potent and some estimates say HHCO is approximately 1.5x stronger than HHC. HHCO has been rumored to give a more lazy than stimulating stone much like an indica. Overall, HHCO and HHC are typically less potent than other cannabinoids, but are sought after because they provide a particular kind of euphoria. Users say that HHCO and HHC products don’t cause the anxiety and restlessness that some cannabinoids and certain kinds of strains can induce. HHCO is purportedly a smoother and calmer ride. To create HHCO since it does not occur naturally in the plant, companies typically utilize hemp extract that contains high amounts of delta 8-THC and through a process called hydrogenation, chemically alter it into hexahydrocannabinol (HHC). Labs then further process this new HHC into HHCO using acetic anhydride to add the acetate group. Because HHC and therefore HHCO, are derived from 100% legal, hemp sources and contain less than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis, they are considered federally legal under the 2018 Farm Bill.
A joint is a cigarette-like roll made by stuffing ground hemp flower into rolling papers. Rolling papers are thin and come in various sizes such as singles, 1 ¼ , 1 ½ , wide, slims and cones. Flavored papers are also available in flavors like grape and chocolate. The thinner the paper, the less it will affect the flavor transfer of the herb while smoking. Thicker papers tend to burn slower, whereas thin papers burn quickly. Rolling takes practice for a proper joint smoking experience, but overtime it will prove to be a rewarding lifelong enterprise. Joints are best anytime of the day or night, and with or without company.
Landrace is a term used for original hemp strains that have been growing naturally in their wild native environment allowing for the plant's genetics to go through the process of natural selection and environmental adaptation. Cannabis plants adapt well to various environments and many centuries ago humans were able to take the plant with them wherever they traveled throughout the world. Landrace strains have originated in the Middle East, the African continent, Central South Asia, and Central and South America. It is estimated that there are more than 30 original landrace hemp strains from all around the globe. The most notable examples of landrace strains are Afghan, Hindu Kush, Thai, Acapulco Gold and Puna Buddaz.
A spliff is a roll that contains a mix of hemp flower and tobacco rolled in wide, king or cone rolling papers. The ratio of hemp and tobacco can be modified according to the smoker and the vibes. For those who enjoy both hemp and tobacco, spliffs are ideal for a nice rush with double the flavor and a sweet long-lasting buzz. Spliffs are great for everyday solo missions or for making friends at group campsites.
Terpenes are aromatic compounds that supply aromas and flavors in cannabis, all other plants and a variety of organisms. Not only are terpenes major contributors to the aroma and flavors experienced when consuming cannabis, but they also influence the effect by interacting with cannabinoids. Terpenes form inside of cannabis trichomes. Their development is directly affected by the spectrum and intensity of light exposure. Each strain of cannabis has its own unique aroma due to its specific terpene content. Terpenes can deliver to your palate the flavors we know as citrus, diesel, hashish, woody, pine, skunky, coffee, spicy, herbal or tropical-like flavors. In addition to providing flavors and aromas, terpenes act as a type of support to other cannabis molecules to produce a full “entourage effect” one might feel when cannabis is introduced to their system. Depending on the exact combination of terpenes and cannabinoids, there can be one of two results in effects. One would be an exaggeration of effects or the second would be a suppression of effects. This is highly dependent upon the flower strain, as well as the individual taking it. With more research being conducted, evidence shows that terpenes can play a substantial role in mitigating intoxicating effects of THC and also forms a collaboration with cannabinoids, which results in an increase in the therapeutic value. It is important to remember that aroma and flavor are subjective in nature. What appeals to some may not be appealing to others. Terpenes are basically the primary component of essential oils and are responsible for the regeneration, oxygenation and immunity defense of the plant. Further research is being conducted to understand the effects of cannabis terpenes in comparison to the terpenes found in other plants. Terpenes do not have intoxicating effects on their own.
Tetrahydrocannabinol acetate, or THC-O, is most commonly referred to as THC-O, but is also referred to as THC-O-Acetate or ATHC. It is important to not confuse ATHC with THCa. THCa is a tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, which is a parent molecule to THC. The major difference between the ATHC and THCa is that the “A” in ATHC is for acetate and the “a\\\'\\\' in THCa is for acid. THCa naturally occurs in raw cannabis and converts to THC through a process known as decarboxylation. THC-O is not a naturally occurring cannabinoid and can only be made in a laboratory setting. THC-O molecules are much more potent than smoked, vaped, dabbed or orally consumed THC. So despite how the body filters the molecules, the portion that is able to travel beyond the brain barrier will provide a very strong experience. It is recommended that users start with a very small dose and increase dosages slowly to test their comfort levels. The experience that users have often reported after consuming THC-O is akin to a hallucinogenic experience induced by psilocybin.
Tetrahydrocannabihexol (THCH), or also THC-H, is a newly discovered cannabinoid that was recently isolated from the cannabis plant in 2020 by a team of Italian chemists. It is therefore naturally occurring in the plant, but only in very small concentrations. Denoted by its true name Δ8-THCH, if you are using THCH products the cannabinoids you are consuming were actually derived from high amounts of delta 8-THC. THCH has one of the longest chemical chains among the purchasable cannabinoids, which translates to being one of the most potent compounds currently on the market. Some estimates going around say that THCH is approximately 10-15x stronger than THC, while THCP is around 30x stronger than THC. In some products, this is counteracted by the fact that the amount of THCH and/or THCP added to blends is very small. For safety, consume small amounts initially and only choose to increase dosage after at least an hour has elapsed. Users often report that THCH is very psychoactive and gives a unique euphoria both mentally and physically.
THCjd is a naturally occurring cannabinoid present only in very small amounts in the plant. Due to it occurring naturally in tiny quantities, products featuring THCjd are typically produced using an isomerization process with CBD to produce it on a grand scale. THCjd has a long side-chain in its chemical structure and is therefore extremely potent, estimated to be around 19x stronger than regular delta-9 THC. The -jd in the name THC-jd comes from the octyl group attached to the THC molecule and is therefore chemically known as tetrahydrocannabioctyl. Due to the strength of THCjd, the potential of psychoactive effects are elevated in comparison to consumption of regular delta-9 THC.
Tetrahydrocannabiphorol, or THCP, is one of the hundreds of compounds that the cannabis plant produces in their resin filled trichomes. THCP is found in tiny quantities. More studies are being conducted on this newly found cannabinoid THCP. The effects are found to be somewhat identical to Delta 9-THC, but with much more added potency. Researchers believe that THCP is as much as 30 times more potent than THC. THCP paired with other cannabinoids and terpenes has the potential to produce a substantial amount of pain relief or an effective sleep aid. Effects will vary throughout energizing, soothing or sedating. If effects are similar then it must be recognized that commonly known THC side-effects may occur as well. Use of THCP requires careful doses and should be monitored carefully to maximize benefits and diminish side-effects.
Tetrahydrocannabivarin, or THCV, is a compound found in minimal amounts within cannabis sativa strains. It offers an array of effects and benefits that are unique from other cannabinoids such as THC or CBD. In small to medium doses, THCV does not deliver identical psychoactive properties that THC imparts. With higher doses, THCV does prove to offer its own unique psychoactive characteristics. It is said to produce a clear euphoric state of mind. THCV has the ability to bind to both CB1 and CB2 receptors of the body’s Endocannabinoid system (ECS). Due to the fact that THCV is found in very low quantities in sativa strains, it is mainly available through extraction in the form of distillate.

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